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Abstract


Turkey-Iran Relations During Memduh Şevket Bey’s Tehran Embassy Period (1925-1930)
The Republic of Turkey, since its establishment, has attached great importance to the trust of mutual friendship based on equality in international relations. Turkey had a transitional location among the continents of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Therefore, Turkey was a Balkan country, a Caucasian country, as well as a Middle Eastern country. This static and unchanging factor has forced Turkey, since its establishment, to establish relations with its border neighbors on common problems and issues. In this context, one of the policies followed by Turkey was to ensure the establishment of relations with its border neighbor Iran. During the early republican period, the goals and interests of Turkey and Iran in external politics were consistent. With this process, it is seen that a new era began in the relations of the two neighboring countries. The official relations between Turkey and Iran, which began in 1922, took a new direction on 29 July 1925 with the appointment of Memduh Şevket (Esendal) Bey, who was moderate and artistic, as ambassador to Tehran. This study aims to examine Memduh Şevket Bey’s, who served as ambassador in Tehran between 1925 and 1930, efforts to initiate the relations that served the legal basis for Turkish-Iranian rapprochement, and the reflection of his efforts on resolving the unresolved border problems of the two neighboring countries.

Keywords
Memduh Şevket, Turkey, Iran, Ambassador



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