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Abstract


Saving Prince Leon: The Background of A Prisoner Exchange Occurred in The Cilician Armenians, Ilkhanids and Mamluks Triangle
The rivalry between Ilkhanid State and Mamluk Sultanate is the primary factor determins the political landscape of Asia Minor in second half of 13th century. Struggle between these two states, were based on Syrian domination problem, which became border neighbour as result of Mongolian military activities during the first ilkhan Hülegü’s period, led to diplomatic contacts among the parties as well. Within this process, captivity of Prince Leon, son and successor of Hetum I, coetaneous king of Cilician Armenians, in a battle with the Mamluks became a problem that had to be untied as soon as possible for Cilician king because of endangering the future of the realm’s throne. The knot of Prince Leon’s captivity issue was resolved through a series of diplomatic contact thereamong Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, Ilkhanid State and Mamluks Sultanate. This article examines course of Ilkhanid-Mamluk relations during the sturt-up phase, discusses Prince Leon’s captivity and the steps on his liberation way in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, Ilkhanids and Mamluks triangle, in this context analyzes the background and adhibition of a prisoner exchange.

Keywords
Hetum I, Leon II, Abaqa, Baybars, Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, Ilkhanids, Mamluks



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