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Open-Air Prayer Places of Anatolian Seljuk
Open-Air Prayer Places, we saw first examples of them in the time of Prophet Hz. Muhammad, are among the simple but functional building types of Islamic architecture. Firstly, they were built to meet the prayer needs of caravans and armies on the road routes, in time; they were brought in through the inner sides of cities and provided social services as well as worship functions. For this reason, they began to call new names such as “musalâ” and “idgâh”. It is known that the Turks who came to Anatolia with 1071 Malazgirt Victory built open-air prayer places in this geography which are sometimes quite simple and sometimes quite aesthetic. Undoubtedly, the open-air prayer places that built in the Seljuk period have the majority of these examples. Although many of them have not survived, it is estimated that there is a prayer in every Anatolian city ruled by Seljuks. In the introductory part of the article, definitions of other researchers which are attributed for this type of architecture so far have been evaluated and the new term suggestions have been discussed under the headline of open-air prayer places. In the catalog part, the open-air prayer places built by the Seljuk Turks in this geography have been introduced and examined together with their plan, architecture and decoration features. In addition, it has been also mentioned other open-air prayer places of Seljuk, which could not reach to present day but which we know by means of sources. In the evaluation part, a general evaluation is made about open-air prayer places and the typography of Anatolian Seljuk open-air prayer places is revealed.

Open-Air Prayer Place, Musalla, Idgah, Cottage Place, Anatolian Seljuk.

Adres :Atatürk Üniversitesi Türkiyat Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü 25240 Erzurum
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Eposta :turkiyat@atauni.edu.tr

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