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Abstract


An Experiment on Bayburt Ehram and Rize Feretico (Rize Cloth) Weaving
Weaving is a process from the existence of humanity to the present day. In the beginning, weaving, which was done by human beings for the purpose of protection and covering from external factors, gradually went beyond this need and became an art. However, hand weaving has started to show its effect in weaving as in all areas in Anatolia with the industrialization in the west and has been gradually disappearing with the change in the way of life. Weavings vary depending on the climatic conditions, materials, geographical conditions, lifestyle and culture of the region, for example, cotton, silk, linen yarn is used in a region where warm climate is used, while wool and hair like yarns are used in cold climate areas. The subject of our article is the similarities and differences in traditional weavings made in the provinces of Rize and Bayburt in the Eastern Black Sea region and their techniques, materials and motifs. It is the kind of fabric that will be included in our ehram weaving study in Bayburt with feretiko (Rize cloth) in Rize. Although these weavings made in two provinces have some similarities, they constitute two different textile products.

Keywords
Feretiko (Rize cloth), ehram, having a whip and high loom, fabric.



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