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Abstract


1915 Van Armenian Rebellion and Ottoman Records in the Letters of Elizabeth Freeman Barrows Ussher of American Board Missioners
The American missionaries in the country had an important role in the Armenian events that took place in the Ottoman Empire before and during the First World War. The main fields of activity of the missionaries are religion organized under the umbrella of the American Board of Directors (ABCFM), also known as the American Board. However, they were organized in the form of missions in the places they went to and they were active in the fields of education and health. At the beginning of the 20th century, American Board missionaries, which reached many places in the world, were organized in four main missions in the Ottoman country. One of these important mission station was established in the city of Van in eastern Turkey. The missionaries of the Van American Board were influential in the Armenian uprising that occurred in 1915 thanks to their activities. In this rebellion, which continued until the fall of the Russian occupation of Van, Armenians organized as gangs carried out massacres against Turkish and Muslim people, the main element of the region. American missionaries, on the other hand, have provided material and moral support to Armenian gangs in all these terrorist acts in the region. Elizabeth Freeman Barrows Ussher is one of these missionaries. In this study; the letters of 23 May 1915 and 30 May 1915 that Elizabeth Ussher sent to her home, which were also composed of a report diary, were examined. The aim of this study, which was prepared by evaluating these letters together with the Ottoman records, which included the statements that confessed the support they gave to the Armenians along with the interesting claims about the 1915 Van rebellion; It is to reveal the American missionaries' view of the events of 1915 through the Van rebellion and to fill a different gap in this matter.

Keywords
American Board, missionary, Van, rebellion



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