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Abstract


Types Kavuk (A Kind of Turban) On Graveyard of Zagnos Pasa Mosque in Balikesir
Headwear which was the subsidiaries of clothes and symbols of profession, rank, gender, and belief has made significant progress by reflecting on the tombstones in the Ottoman period beginning from the 15th century. These types of headwear which were placed on Ottoman tombstones as they were identity documents separate into subtypes notably as Ottoman turban, fez, and cult headwear. Ottoman turbans which vary according to their winding style, color and appearance are one of the most preferred headwear. In this study, Ottoman turban headwear placed on 11 of the 51 tombstones on the tombs of Zagnos Pasha Mosque (1460-61) in Balıkesir was examined. Ottoman turbans (Kavuk) of which the root of the word comes from “Kav” meaning empty preserved their place and importance on the tombstones until fez started to be used as an official headwear. It is known that Ottoman turban headwear has varieties such as mücevveze, kuka, serdengeçti, kâtibi, selimi, paşalı, nezkeb, kallavi, and hartavi. It can be understood that this headwear which is used by the military, administrative and civil community has a wide range of usage areas. Among the Ottoman turban headwear, selimi, paşalı, serdengeçti, kâtibi and mücevveze were determined on the tombs and each headwear was assessed in itself. Furthermore, it was demonstrated in the graphics that there were similar examples of this headwear in Anatolia and outside of Anatolia with the accessed publishing with issues and locations.

Keywords
Ottoman Headgear, Kavuk, Kavuk Types, Zagnos Pasha Mosque



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