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Abstract


The Comparison of All Narrative Accounts and an Investigation on Cultural Codes Related to the Tureyis (reproduction) Epic
Mythology, which is considered as a kind of belief system of the primitive people cover an important place in community mind as it satisfies the spiritual needs of people. The beliefs of a society are reflected in its oral literature works. Of the oral literature works, epics frequently include mythological elements and the symbols chosen by the memory of the community. Epics are the carriers of both literature and oral history. Considering Turkish epics, it is understood that the researchers have neglected the latter in particular, and have not accentuated this feature of epics. Anyone who reads/knows their history and literature can realise the role of epics. For this reason, epics should be considered as a sociological texts rather than a work of imagination. Therefore, examining Turkish epics also means investigating Turkish culture, history and the like. In this study, five narrative accounts of the Türeyiş epic were compared and the cultural codes embedded in those accounts were investigated. There are five narrative accounts regarding the Türeyiş epic. The first three narrative accounts were taken from Chinese sources. The fourth account was in the book ‘Cami’üt-Tevarih’ by Reşideddin Fazlullah, and the final one was in the book Şecere-i Türk by Bahadır Han. The comparison was made on the basis of the narrative account of the Türeyiş epic, which is one of the origin myths that narrates how the Turks came into existence, in Cami’üt-Teravih. The reason for grounding the investigation on Cami’üt-Tevarih orginating from Iran is the fact that it is the most historical transcript of the Türeyiş epics. After summarising the transcript of Cami’üt-Teravih, the summary was compared to the other narrative accounts, and then the cultural codes embedded in these epics were investigated. The investigation revealed the value attached to the continuity of the blood and to the notion of country, nation, and family by the Turks. It is important to read, interpret, and decode the cultural codes of such epic transcripts in terms of showing how rich the Turkish culture is and how deep-rooted the Turkish history and literature are.

Keywords
Türeyiş epic, cultural codes, mythology, the Turkish culture



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