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Parody of a Folk Story, a Hero Out of Context: Asri Kerem
Parody is a literary process which aims to transform a text into comic form. In this process the importance is not to transform the style of the writer but the subject of the literary text. But the purpose of the new writer who wants to re-write the text has an essential role for realizing parody. Because in the parody the essential aim is reinterpret the current subject with a humorous style. On the other hand the reader should underestimate the works which is subjected to parody. It’s possible to see many parodic works during Republic period Turkish literature. Between these there are examples which can be contact to general and specific parody genres. Asrî Kerem which was written by Orhan Seyfi Orhon is a parodic version of famous folk story Kerem ile Aslı. This literary work which was written as a response to the states interfering attitude towards to folk tales, we see Kerem’s trials in the face of modern world. The starting point of the criticism is the circular published on 11.05.1937 by the Ministry of Internal Affairs. In the circular, the importance of public books has been pointed out in order to people internalize the core values of the republic and transfer of these values to new generation in a truthfully way. In this context, it is stated that folk narratives should be rewritten by including national elements and Republican values. In line with this demand, all relevant persons and institutions were invited to the task. In the ongoing process, many authors and publishers who had ideological tendencies attributed to this invitation. Thus, many folk narratives have been rewritten and presented to the taste of readers from all sides. Kerem as a story hero was brought out of his context and converted into official form had a humorous qualification because of the disharmonies that he encountered in 1930’s. In this article we will compare main text with transformed text and try to find which conventional elements were used as parodic figures in the parodic narrative. Another point emphasized in the study is how the hero is modernized. In addition, it will be emphasized which elements are added to the modern narrative universe and which elements are highlighted in the narrative.

Parody, Humour, Rewrite, Folk Story, Kerem ile Aslı

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