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Assimilation Policies Applied to The Roma Minority in Bulgaria During The Cold War Period (1945-1985)
The Roma minority in Bulgaria has the most populous community of the country after Turks. It was admitted in 1989 by the Politburo of the Bulgarian Communist Party Central Committee that their population was around 600 thousand. Today, approximately half of the Roma in Bulgaria describe themselves as “Turkish gypsies” and Muslims. The other half of them are composed of Orthodox “Bulgarian Gypsies” and “Romanian Gypsies”. The vast majority of the Roma claiming Turkish ethnic identity live in the regions where Turks in Bulgaria are heavily populated. The acts launched in Bulgaria after the Second World War to destroy the minorities in the country also include the Roma who have reached Muslim-Turkish consciousness. In the following years, assimilation policies were accelerated and the Bulgarian Communist Party made a series of decisions in line with the policy of Bulgaria's political power to “create a single nationalist socialist society”. The Roma have shown their reactions to oppression and persecution during the implementation of these decisions and were opposed to replacing their names with Bulgarian names by protesting against, organizing rallies and sending complaints to the highest authorities.

Bulgaria, The Roma, Turks, Assimilation, BCP Decisions

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