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Abstract


1896-1898 Akcadag Dumuklu Incident
From the first half of the nineteenth century the Ottoman State made some reforms to modernize the state and to restore the lost authority. These reforms aimed to prevent the dissolution of the state by providing equality and justice among the subjects. This situation continued during the reign of Sultan Abdülmecid with the declaration of Gülhane Hatt-ı Hümayun. The state wanted to break out of the strength of the fortresses and increase the central authority, thereby bringing out all the intermediaries who entered the state. At the same time, he wanted to show that he did not distinguish between military reform and the subject. However, these reforms have caused rebellion against the state in many places, which have traditionally ruled and tribal life. The Ottoman Empire was trying to control the rebellion areas as well as to collect taxes, to buy troops and to come from the top of other issues. One of the places where these problems are experienced is Akçadağ, a district of Malatya. Akçadağ was first referred to the Malatya Sanjag of the Mamuretlaziz Province of Harput Province during the period studied. Serious problems were experienced when entering the reforms to control the region. These problems, which are economically and socially based, have become a sectarian issue over time. As a result, the incident that started in the village of Dümüklü of Akçadağ in January of 1896 due to the tax issue, grew and became a religious feature. One officer, one soldier and one hundred and eight Alawi citizens lost their lives in the case of Akçadağ's Dümüklü village. After the events of the Ottoman government were calmed down, the rulers, especially the local administrators, went on. Some of them were dismissed from their posts and sent to court. However, Ahmad Shakir Pasha, the Rehabilitation Inspector of the Anatolian Commonwealth of Provinces, demanded from the central government to stop the proceedings against the Alawis and the judiciary to prevent further growth of the incident. In response to this request, the subject was completely closed in 1898. In this study, the event that originated in 1896 in Akçadağ's Dümüklü Village and originated in taxation and turned into an Alevî uprising over time was examined based on archival sources. In addition, the Ottoman State's view towards Alawis, its attitudes during and after the events were examined in the frame of this event.

Keywords
Alawites, Sunni, Malatya, Akçadağ, Dümüklü Ali, 1896-1898 years.



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