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Abstract


“Gardish-I Chashm” In Classical Turkish and Persian Poetry
Classical Turkish Poetry is poetic tradition with a unique sense of aesthetics that was substantially adhered to. A significant constituent of this tradition is the use of shared metaphors, similes, and metaphorical statements that the reader of classical poetry were familiar with. Classical poet takes on a difficult task of creating authentic works using already available and familiar components. However, within this strong tradition as well, we can see some seeking and effort of new approaches from time to time. In the poets of Hind style, this seeking was conceptualized by some terms such as ma'na-yi bigane and ma'na-yi piçide. In this work, we have identified the manifestations of the phrases “gerdish-i chashm” and “gerdish-i cheshm-i ghazel” -which are two very uncommon phrases in classical poetry until the 17th century—within classical Turkish and Farsi poetry and studied the web of imagination that is constructed around these two phrases and related phrases. Also, we have analyzed the criticism made by Nabi a prominent poet of the 17th century who disdainingly asserted that these mentioned phrases were being used over abundantly by nev-heves poets and that poetry was now being turned into “a tale of gazelles”.

Keywords
Classical Turkish and Persian Poetry, Sebk-i Hindi, Gerdiş-i Cheshm, whirling of the eye, of the gaz



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