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Abstract


Closed Stem Examples in Turkey Turkish
Morphological analysis of some commonly used words in Turkish today cannot be easily done. Especially the morphology of the words with root or affix archaic can be explained by the etymological researches. The fact that the rules of linguistic knowledge are not observed while deriving new words also reveals structures that morphology is not clear. Morphemes that require diachronic research to explain are called “closed morphemes”. Morphological analysis of words that can not be done immediately is a kind of closed morphemes. If there is no morphological, semantic relationship between root, stem, and word or if this relationship is weakened, it is difficult to perform morphological analysis of the word. Words that frequently used but are not clear enough in terms of morphology or semantics make it difficult to teach morphology. This study will focus on words whose root and derived form is open but whose intermediate structure cannot be easily analyzed. These intermediate forms will be called “closed stem” and the morphological structure and meaning of the closed stems will be explained. The work is limited to words whose stem is closed. It will not be focused on other closed morphemes. For example, becerikli, olumlu words and the roots of these words (becer-, ol- verbs) are used as independent today. But the becerik, olum which has stems of these words, is not used as an independent word today. The subject of the study is these “closed stem”which are not widely used as an independent word today.

Keywords
Word derivation, closed stem, closed morphemes, Turkish Language Reform



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