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Abstract


Stamp Tax and Ottoman Humour Press (1874-1877)
The “Resm-i Damga Nizamnamesi”, which went into effect in 1875, brought a great burden on the Ottoman Press economically. The newspapers and magazines that are required by the ordinance are obliged to affix "2 para" stamps to each copy as stamp tax. Media of that time called this application as “stamp tax” referring to stamped stamps. The stamp tax imposed for twenty-five years from the date of the abolition in 1900 is not only a heavy burden on the economy for the press in the period it was applied but also has importance in terms of preparing the ground for the first press strike in the Turkish Press History. Humor magazines, which were closed in 1877 in the Ottoman Empire, came to the forefront as periodical publications that were most affected by stamp tax, although they were subject to stamp tax for a short period of two years. Within the scope of the study, between 1874 and 1877, how humor magazines were influenced by stamp tax, their approach to stamp tax, and the application of stamp tax and the cases where the magazines live, have been examined.

Keywords
Stamp Tax, Ottoman Humor Press, Turkish Press History



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