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Abstract


A General Outlook on the Safavid Period and Literature
The Safavid Empire, which was founded by Shah Ismail in the beginning of the 16th century, covered East Anatolia, Azerbaijan and West Iran and expanded towards Khorasan, takes its name from Sheykh Safi al-Din of Ardabil (d. 735/1335) who is the founder of order of Safaviyeh. It can be said that Iran reached an independent political identity for the first time in Islamic history through the Safavid Empire, this identity became stronger through the Qajars and the borders of contemporary Iran State took shape in these periods. The fact that Shah Ismail, who entered Tabriz and ascended the throne after his victory against Aq Qoyunlu with the support of Turkmen tribes in 907/1501, captured the whole Iran in a short time ensured Iran to enter the community of nations as a sign of Iran nationalism as well as shining of Iran sultanate order and it became the basis of the beginning of a policy which mainly continues its existence even today. The Persian literature had reached its peak and had given its perfect examples in poetry and prose before the Safavids. Yet in the rise of the Safavids, this bright atmosphere of knowledge and literature was not seen. In this sense, after shortly mentioning the historical and political status of the period we will deal with the literary developments, features of the poetry and prose. We will also try to deal with the influence of the period’s political structuring on literature.

Keywords
Iran, The Safavids, Literature, Poetry, Prose



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