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Abstract


Subjectless Sentences in Kazakh Turkic
In this article, the structures that Kazakh scholars have shown as subjectless sentences have been examined, and it is demonstrated that in fact, they are subjective sentences. In general, like it is the case in Russian, because there is no subjectiveness verb in Turkish, the existence of subjectiveness sentence is possible only in exceptional cases. This exceptional situation is only the case of using passive voice (intransitive passive) verbs as predicates. Kazakh scientists as if they are in race with each other argue that there is more than fifteen subjectless sentence structure in the Kazakh Turkic. None of the sentences which are shown as subjectless sentences in Kazakh Turkic are sentences where passive voice verbs used as predicates as it is the case in Turkish Turkic. The structures that are shown as a subjectless sentence example are considered subjectless sentence either by wrong analysis and evaluations, taking wrong examples or they are formed by imitating some structures in Russian language, thus they are not even considered as sentences in Turkish. Kazakh scholars consider almost all sentences as subjectless sentence where in particular if the subject of the sentence is in third-person and second-person singular form and it is not shown as personal pronoun in the sentence. Especially for verbs used in proverbs and idioms, even though there is a particular person affix, as they address general public or everyone, they are considered as subjectless sentences.

Keywords
syntax, subjectless sentence, Kazakh Turkic, Turkish Turkic



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