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Abstract


A REVIEW OF HASAN TAHSİN’S GİRİD (CRETE)
Written by Hasan Tahsin (1883-1918), Girid (Crete) is a theatre work firstly serialized in Silah newspaper and then published by Asır Matbaası (Asır Printing House) in Thessaloniki in 1326. There is no extensive study of this work, which is regarded as a work treating the idea of Ottomanism in studies on theatre and literature in the Second Constitutionalist Period. There is even no Latinized version of it. Girid reflects the thoughts of Hasan Tahsin with its support for Committee of Union and Progress, criticism of Abdul Hamid II, and emphasis on Ottomanism. With its style combining epic and lyric features, it represents the passionate personality of the author. Involving some technical faults, the work was written to manifest the painful life led by Muslim Turks on Crete and make everybody have the cruelty suffered by Muslim Turks there on their conscience, as stated by the author in the beginning. In this study, general information is provided about the idea of Ottomanism in the introduction. Then the biography of Hasan Tahsin is provided. After that, Girid is examined in detail under the sub-titles of identity, external structure, type, form, content, plot, characters, time, place, and speech plot. The study does not ignore that the work is a theatre text. In the conclusion, the obtained data are presented concisely, and the contributions of the study to the Turkish drama history, determination of the reflections of Ottomanism on Turkish literature, and research on Cretan issue are indicated.

Keywords
Girid, Hasan Tahsin, Ottomanism, Theater in the Second Constitutionalist Period



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