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Abstract


PLACE OF SPECIAL PLACE NAMES IN MACRO AND MICRO STRUCTURE OF GENERAL DICTIONARIES: PROVINCE AND DISTRICT NAMES IN TÜRKÇE SÖZLÜK
General dictionaries, unlike customized dictionaries, are works that are not narrowed down to a specific subject or style. However, they contain some limitations, mainly due to lexicological reasons and limitations of physical capacities. Thus, although the general dictionaries apparently contain all the words of the language to which they belong, they don’t often include language units such as unfamiliar terms, special names etc. Which linguistic units these dictionaries will cover and which will exclude relates to the macro structure of the dictionaries. While building this macro structure, dictionary makers move in line with the principles they set before and and shape their collections. However, what makes the macro structure visible and concerns the users more is the presentation of the language units included in the dictionary. This is about the micro structure of the dictionary. This structure contains lexical items such as "lexical entry, spelling, pronunciation, etymology, morphology and grammar, meaning, testimonials and quotations". The purpose of this study is to determine the status of province and district names within Turkish Dictionary, a general dictionary, and to prepare various proposals to develop the dictionary for the deficiencies identified in the dictionary. In accordance with this purpose, items containing the names of provinces and districts in the Turkish Dictionary were identified with document scanning method and has been shown to how province and district names were processed in modern foreign general dictionaries. In the discussion part, it has been evaluated how a general dictionary will follow these names. In these evaluations, the ways to follow items including province and district names in writing a monolingual general dictionary were witnessed with examples from Turkish and English (Oxford Dictionary and Cambridge International Dictionary of English) dictionaries. In the conclusion part, proposals and sample material designs about special place names are presented.

Keywords
general dictionaries, special place names, macro structure, micro structure



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