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Abstract


EXAMPLES FOR THE THOUGHTS ON DISCIPLINE, REWARDS AND PUNISHMENTS OF THE OTTOMAN PEDAGOGS
Examples for the Thoughts on Discipline, Rewards and Punishments of the Ottoman Pedagogs In this present study, the thoughts on discipline, reward and punishment of Ottoman pedagog are examined. Ottoman pedagogs, in their works on pedagogy considered the problem in various perspectives. They defended the use of reward and punishment in education for keeping the discipline. Abdullah Vehbi who strictly opposed to beating and punishment in education, instead defended monition and compliments. Likewise, according to him reaching the students with the second method will always lead to result quicker. One of the issues that were Musa Kazım placed importance is also the reward and punishment. According to him, for increasing just and grateful people in the country, teachers must attach importance to these two issues. The teacher should reward the students who study their lessons and obey the rules of the school and punish those who act in opposite. Süleyman Paşazade Sami thought that each student naturally wants to be loved, appreciated and rewarded by the teacher. If the teacher compliments the students who study their lessons and be in good manners, the other students will also want to deserve these compliments. However, the teacher should be careful on not only reward the students who are good in lessons but also he should reward those who also work hard to achieve success. According to Sabri Cemil, real discipline is to take precautions before an action that is against the discipline and prevent it to happen. For a good school which teachers use their influence, there will be no need for use of punishment.

Keywords
Ottoman, Education, Student, Discipline, Reward, Punishment.



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