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Abstract


Secondary Education Legacy that is inherited from Ottoman Empire to the Nation-State Turkey According to the Booklet Entitled “Secondary Education in Turkey”
In this paper, secondary education legacy, which is inherited from Ottoman Empire to Turkey the nation state, is tried to be analyzed. Ottoman modernization of education provides the basis for our education system after the republic. The constitution of Ottoman civilian educational institutions, which started with Sultan Mahmud II, took a new form with Tanzimat reform era, the Statute on General Education of 1869, and the era of Sultan Abdülhamid II. Secondary schools of those eras are constituted by high schools (idadi mektebi) and sultana schools (sultani mektebi). The legacy of them that is inherited to Turkey is best represented by the tractate titled “Secondary Education in Turkey”, dated 1339. Accordingly, those schools, which have the aim of education and morality of the young who are 12-16 years old or above, prepare the student for life. Those schools are spread country-wide and they differ in terms of quality and quantity. Those institutions should provide national feelings and secure uniformity, and they should incite the youth to work and produce. Under these conditions, to direct the morality is the duty of the school administration and the students are enrolled in schools in accordance with certain conditions. Relevant institutions, though there are some arrangements, constitute the basis of the secondary schools in Republic of Turkey, and they subsist as secondary schools and high schools.

Keywords
Ottoman Empire, sultana (sultani), high school (idadi), secondary education legacy, Turkey.



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