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Abstract


On Esiz in the Old Turkic Inscriptions
Esiz is one of the most frequently occurring words in the Old Turkic Runic inscriptions. Based on the meaning given in Diwanu Lughat at-Turk by al-Kashgari esiz is understood as alas, an interjection expressing sorrow, regret and compassion. However, the fact that it can be inflected with the suffixes of possession or plurality demonstrates that esiz is a noun serves as an interjection, in other words it is a secondary interjection. The aim of this paper is to find out the initial lexical meaning of esiz. In order to do that the author uses the lexicographic data relating to esiz and its denominative form esirke- in both historical and contemporary Turkic languages. The author claims that the lexical meaning of esiz in the Old Turkic Runic texts should be as follows: dear, valuable, worthy.

Keywords
esiz, esirke-, suffix +XrkA-, Turkic runic inscriptions, Yenisey.



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